Kurt Levin (1890-1947) – German psychologist. After graduating from the Universities of Munich and Berlin, K. Levin received his doctorate in 1914. He studies the problem of identity. After emigrating to the United States, Levin teaches at Stanford and Cornell Universities. Since 1945, he has headed the Group Dynamics Research Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Although K. Levin was the director of the Center for only 3 years. K. Levin called his theory “Psychological field theory”.
K. Levin studied personal conflict. The same level of influence on Levi in different directions creates an internal conflict in a person.
The resolution of interpersonal conflict creates a feeling of anxiety and frustration in a person, has a negative impact on his professional activity, makes a person dependent. In many cases, interpersonal conflict is created by other people.
After coming to the United States, Levin dealt with the problems of group differentiation and typology of communication styles. He suggests that the group should be considered as a dynamic system, a psychological field of personality. A person’s social behavior in a group is formed by intra-group relations, intra-group traditions, communication style. Behavior is directly related to the psychological field and the function of demand. K. Levin defined democratic, authoritarian and liberal methods of communication.
He also studied the issues of leadership in the group. This led to the emergence of a new direction in social psychology – the process of group dynamics. Levi’s research justified the use of experimental methods in the field of personality psychology, social psychology. Thus, The research of Gestalt psychologists covers a wide range of problems, from creative thinking to personality activity. The study of the psyche has made it possible to determine the laws of development of perception, thinking, personality, and their fundamental differences. Their experimental results are still relevant today. However, Gestalt psychology is the only school of psychology that has collapsed since the 1930s. This was due to the ongoing political processes in Europe, especially in Germany. It became obsolete after the 1930s. This was due to the ongoing political processes in Europe, especially in Germany. It became obsolete after the 1930s. This was due to the ongoing political processes in Europe, especially in Germany.